The Saigerhütte essentially depended on two sources for its water supply, namely the Flöha and the Natzschung rivers. Due to the lay of the land and the plentiful rainfall, there was sufficient water to power the machinery at the Saigerhütte.
Water was extracted from the Natzschung at various small weirs and directed via artificial or natural channels to the water wheels which powered the numerous bellows, mostly box bellows, required for a wide variety of processes at the smelting works. In addition, water wheels operated the various hammers and other devices via camshafts.
Storage for the water to power the works during periods of drought was provided by two artificial ponds – the Upper and Lower Hüttenteich. A third artificial pond was dug at the beginning of the 20th century between the workers’ housing and the Garhaus.
The water could be drained off via a system of channels and directed to where it was needed. The majority of the channels have been preserved at the site, though some of them are now completely dry, especially those near the Saigerhütte itself.